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What Is Depression? Causes, Symptoms And Treatments

Are you also not feeling by yourself lately due to your mood and wondering whether you may be suffering from depression? Do you also want to know what depression is? If so, your search ends here.

Depression or depressive disorder is a mental condition in which you lose interest and happiness in your life, and the feelings of worthlessness haunt you. These feelings are different from usual sadness or mood changes. Around 5 percent of the adults suffer from this disorder in their lifetime. 

After reading this brief blog post, you will have a clear idea about what depression is and what to do if you have it. You will learn everything about it, from causes to treatments and more. Let’s start with common causes or risk factors that lead you to depression.

Common Causes Of Depression

Depression can be due to several causes. It is a mental condition, so it’s complex to hold any specific trait or reason to hold responsible for depression. Here are some of the common risk factors or causes of depression.

  • Genetics and biochemistry: Your genetics and biochemistry can also lead you to depression. If any of your parents have been subject to this disease, you have a three times higher chance of depression. Differences in brain chemicals like neurotransmitters can also cause depression.
  • Personality: Your several personality traits, like people with low self-esteem, have a higher chance of depression.
  • Drugs or Medications: People who have been using recreational drugs or alcohol in the past have a higher chance of depression as compared to others. Certain BP medications or depressants can also lead to depression.
  • Trauma: Suffering from any past trauma can also cause depression. It may be being harassed, bullied, or anything like the death of your loved ones.


People suffering from depression exhibit different symptoms and behaviors. These are almost the same but may vary in kids and adults. Here are the usual symptoms which are often seen in depression patients.

Symptoms For Adults

If you are an adult with familiar symptoms, you should consult any doctor and start the treatment.

  • Constantly feeling sad, empty, and hopeless without any reason.
  • Sudden outbursts and irritation over minor events.
  • Stress, anxiety, restlessness and agitation
  • Slower speaking or speaking.
  • Loss of happiness and interest in all activities, including the things you loved to enjoy, like your favorite hobby, sport, etc.
  • Difficulty in sleeping
  • Constantly feeling tired and less energetic even after fresh sleep
  • Weight loss or gain
  • Difficulty in making decisions
  • Slowed body movements
  • Feeling guilt or regrets over past events
  • Self-blame
  • Increased forgetfulness
  • Physical problems or headaches without any reason
  • Constant thoughts about death or committing suicide

Symptoms For Kids

The symptoms of depression may vary among kids and teenagers as compared to adults.

  • For Kids: The symptoms of depression among kids may include clinginess, crying, not going to school, being underweight, and body aches.
  • For Teenage Kids, Less social interaction, short attendance in school, usage of drugs, self-harm, decreased interest in activities, and sleeping or eating problems are some of the common symptoms of depression among kids.

Depression Treatment Methods

Different treatment methods are used to treat depression. Consult your doctor and start the most suitable treatment method for your condition. Let’s have a look at the details of these treatment methods.

Self Care

The first treatment method on the list is self-care. Although it may not look what you need to hear, self-care is very beneficial for the treatment of depression. It will reduce your depression symptoms and promote your overall well-being.

Avoid negative things, do what you love, and improve your fitness, diet, and sleep. All this will lead to better self-esteem and help you in treating depression. It is a very effective method for people in the initial stage of depression.

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (Cbd)

Cognitive behavioural therapy is also an effective treatment method for depression. This technique helps you identify yourself and get rid of unhelpful thoughts. You also learn self-help techniques to improve yourself, which helps in treating depression.

Interpersonal Psychotherapy

Interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) has also been found to be very beneficial in treating depression. It works by improving our interpersonal functioning to reduce depression symptoms. It is a time-limited program which lasts around 12-16 weeks.


There are also some medications to help you in the treatment of depressive disorder. Antidepressants are the most common type of medication used for the treatment of depression. There are different types of antidepressants. These may include upper sedatives and tranquilizers. These are sensitive, so use them as prescribed.

Final Words

Depression is a mental health condition which is caused by excessive stress. It can have hazardous impacts on your life. From your career to relationships and your health it affects them all. Seek medical help as soon as you discover it.

Never hesitate to share it with anyone. It’s a mental health condition, and you should approach your friends or family as soon as you discover it and start your treatment. A supportive environment can boost the recovery process from depression.

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